Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India - Web Central

Dr. M.V. Rao

Dr. M.V. Rao

Professor & Head
Department of Plant Science

Academic Positions

Professor, Bharathidasan University (2005-Till Date)

Reader, Bharathidasan University (1995-2005)

Lecturer, Bharathidasan University (1989-1995)

Administrative Experience

Head, Department of Plant Science - September 2011-till date

Coordinator-M.Sc. Life Sciences (5yr-integrted) Program -August 2009-till date

Coordinator-Centre for Excellence in Life Sciences - September 2008-till date

Coordinator-XII Five Year Plan budget preparation for the University

Coordinator-Execution of XI Five Year plan budget grant of the University

Senate Member of the University- September 2011 – till date

Chairman- Board of Studies in Botany of the University- 2008 – till date

Area of Specialization

Plant Tissue Culture, Plant Conservation, Plant Ecology and Soil Microbiology

Short Summary of Research

Plant Biotechnology

1. Standardized tissue culture protocols (micropropagation, organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis) for medicinal as well as endangered plant species and also reintroduced some of the IUCN RED DATA listed plant species.

2. Worked on in vitro production of secondary metabolites from some of the medicinal plant species.

3. Worked on pharmacological activity of secondary metabolites of some of the medicinal plants (in vitro and in vivo origin).

List of the medicinal and endangered plant species worked out:

1.Acanthephippium bicolor, 2.Aegle marmelos, 3.Ailanthus excelsa, 4.Alpenia galanga 5.Anoectochilus elatus,6.Cardiospermum halicacabum, 7.Cassia tora, 8.Centella asiatica, 9.Ceropegia thwaitesii,10.Chrysantheum cinerarifolium,11.Colocasia esculenta var.antiquorum,12.Coccinia grandis,13.Curcuma longa,14.Curculigo orchidoides, 15.Dendrobium aqueum, 16.Elaeocarpus recurvatus, 17.Embelia basaal 18.Eryngium foetida, 19.Gymnema elegans, 20.Gymnema sylvestre, 21.Helicteres isora,22.Heliotropium indicum, 23.Hildegardia populifolia, 24.Hoya wightii ssp.palniensis, 25.Jatropa gossipifolia, 26.Madhuca longifolia, 27.Mucuna pruriensis var.pruriensis, 28.Phyla nodiflora, 29.Plectranthus bourneae,30.Oxalis corniculata, 31.Rhinacanthus nasutus,32.Ricinus communis, 33.Simarouba glauca,34.Solanum trilobatum, 35.Tinospora cordifolia, 36.Trichosanthus palmate,37. Zeuxine longilabris.

Soil microbial biology (Mycorrhizal symbiosis)

1. Salt tolerant mycorrhizal studies were carried out with reference to both ecto- and arbuscular mycorrhiza in vitro and in vivo. Few suitable salt tolerant mycorrhizal strains were found.

2. Experiments on drought tolerance of mycorrhizal tree species were conducted and enhanced growth was observed in mycorrhizal treated plants compared to control.

3. Species specificity of tropical tree species was found out with different arbuscular mycorrhiza.

4. Ectomycorrhizal fungi were used during rooting and hardening process of tissue culture grown plants. Significant results were observed.

Plant Ecology

1. Research work was carried out on grassland ecosystem in saline alkali soils to find out utility of saline soils in terms of species suitability, productivity, nutrient cycling and energy flow.

2. Impact of tree canopy cover of man-made forest on alkali soils, for soil reclamation has been worked out. Mixed canopy cover showed significant effect on reducing the soil pH, electrical conductivity and exchangeable sodium percentage.

3. Study on provenance trails of Populus deltoides to find out its growth performance on semi-arid region has been done.

4. Research work was carried out on productivity and nutrient cycling of tropical tree species growing on semi-arid region. Modelling of dry matter transfer and preparation of nutrient budgets were prepared and a comparison of performance of the experimental tree species was made.

Research Projects


Name of the project



Grant in Rupees


Conservation and reintroduction of Elaecorpus recurvatus and Hoya wightii ssp. palniensis, endangered plants of Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu

3 yrs




Ex situ conservation of some of the Red Data Listed plants of Eastern and Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, through in vitro methods

3 yrs




Ex-situ conservation and antibacterial studies of Plectranthus bourneae Gamble, an endemic red data listed plant

3 yrs



Research Supervision

Ph.D.: 11 (Guided), 08 (Guiding)

Ph.D.: 07 (Guided)

Publications (From 2003)

Research Papers Published:
20 (International), 25 (National), 11 (Book Chapters), 03 (Proceedings)

1. S.Arumugam, A.S.Rao and M.V.Rao. 2003. In vitro propagation of Aegle marmelos(L.) Corr., a medicinal tree. In: Micropropagation of Woody Trees and Fruits (Eds.) S.M.Jain and K.Ishii. Kluwer Academic Publ. Dordrecht,The Netherlands. Pp. 269-315.

2. S.Alagumanian, V.Saravanaperumal, R.Balchandar, K.Rameshkannan and M.V.Rao. 2004. Plant regeneration from leaf and stem explants of Solanum trilobatum L. Curr.Sci. 86(11): 1478-1480.

3. J.Charumathy, S.Alagumanian, M.Jeyaseelan and M.V.Rao. 2004. Somatic embryogenesis in Solanum trilobatum L. In: Recent Trends in Biotechnology, (Eds.) M.K.Rai, P.V.Thakre, P.A.Wagadegaonkar and A.P.Ramteke, Scientific Publ.Jodhpur, India. Pp.53-59.

4. A.R.Lavanya, S.Alagumanian, M.Jeyaseelan and M.V.Rao. 2004. In vitro organogenesis in Solanum trilobatum L. In: Recent Trends in Biotechnology, (Eds.) M.K.Rai, P.V.Thakre, P.A.Wagadegaonkar and A.P.Ramteke, Scientific Publ.Jodhpur, India. Pp.P.37-52.

5. M.Jeyaseelan and M.V.Rao. 2005. Biochemical studies of embryogenic and non-embryogenic callus of Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Indian J Exp.Biol. 43:555-560.

6. A.Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed, T.Gouthaman, A.S.Rao and M.V.Rao. 2005. Micropropagation of Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene: An important medicinal plant. Iranian J Biotech. 3(3): 186-190.

7. T.Gouthaman and M.V.Rao. 2006. Effects of various treatments on Semicarpus anacardium L., seeds for germination. In: Plant Biotechnology (ed) N.Jayabalan, APH Publ. New Delhi, India. Pp.359-364.

8. G.Siva Kumar, S.Alagumanian and M.V.Rao. 2006. High frequency in vitro multiplication of Centella asiatica:An Important industrial medicinal herb. Eng.Life Sci.6 (6):597-601.

9. M.Senthil Kumar and M.V.Rao. 2007. In vitro propagation of Heliotropium indicum Linn: A widely used Ayurvedic herb. In: Advances in Medicinal plants (Biodiversity). Eds.K.Janardhan Reddy, BirBahadur, B.Bhadraiah and M.L.N.Rao. University press, Hyderabad, A.P.India. Pp.201-205.

10. M.Senthil Kumar and M.V.Rao.2007. In vitro micropropagation of Heliotropium indicum Linn.-An Ayurvedic herb. Indian J Biotech.6:245-249.

11. T.Gouthaman, M.S.Kavitha, T.Senthil Kumar, A.S.Rao and M.V.Rao.2007. Blood pressure and its management - A holistic approach. In: Role of Biotechnology in Medicinal and aromatic plants-Vol.XVI, (Eds) I.A.Khan, A.Khanum and A.A.Khan. Ukaaz Pub., Hyderabad, India. Pp.160-192.

12. N.Komalavalli, B.A.Ahmed, A.S.Rao and M.V.Rao. 2007. In vitro organogenesis of Gymnema sylvestre (REtz.)R.Br.ex Roemer & Schultes-a multipurpose medicinal plant. In: Plant Biotechnology: New Frontiers (Proceeding of National Symposium) 18-20 November, 2005.

13. T.Gouthaman, M.S.Kavitha, A.Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed, T.Senthil Kumar and M.V.Rao. 2008. A review on Semicarpus anacardium L.: An anticancer medicinal plant. In: Recent Progress in Medicinal Plants. Vol.19: Phytopharmacology and Therapeutic values I (eds.) V.K.Singh, J.N.Govil & R. K.Sharma. Studium Press LLC, U.S.A. pp.193-222.

14. A.Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed, A.S.Rao and M.V.Rao. 2008. Role of in vivo leaf and in vitro callus of Gymnema sylvestre in maintaining the normal levels of blood glucose and lipid profile in diabetic Wistar rats. Biomedicine 28(2):134-138.

15. S. Arumugam, S. Kavimani, B. Kadalmani, A.A.A. Bakrudeen, M.A. Akbarsha and M.V. Rao. 2008. Antidiabetic activity of leaf and callus extracts of Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. In Swiss albino rabbit. ScienceAsia.34:317-321.

16. Abdul Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed, Adhikarla Suryanarayana Rao and Mandali Venkateswara Rao. 2009. In vitro production of gymnemic acid from Gymnema sylvestre (Retz) R.Br. Ex Roemer & Schults through callus culture under abiotic stress conditions. In: Protocols for in vitro cultures and secondary metabolite analysis of aromatic and medicinal plants. Series: Methods in Molecular biology, Vol.547, Eds.Jain S.Mohan and Saxena, Praveen K. Human Press Inc., Totowa, NW, pp.93-105. ISBN: 978-1-60327-286-5.

17. Babu Ganesan, Biljana Arsic, Manikandan Kadirvel, Jill Barber, Sankar Sundaram, Mandali Venkateswara Rao. 2009. Chemical constituents of Embelia basal (ROEN. & SCHULT.) DC. J Pharmacy Research.2 (10):1575-1578.

18. Abdul Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed, Adhikarla Suryanarayana Rao, Mandali Venkateswara Rao.2009. Somatic Embryogenesis and Plant Regeneration from Cell Suspension Culture of Gymnema sylvestre (Retz) R. Br. Ex Roemer & Schultes. KMITL Sci. Tech. J. 9 (1):18-26.

19. Aruchamy, S, Rajan,K, Rao,M.V. and Subramanian. 2009. The geo-bio and archaeological environment of rock arts in Krishnagiri region, Tamil Nadu. J Rock Art Soc.India.19:144-153.

20. Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed, N. Komalavalli, M. Muthukumar, J.H.F. Benjamin Franklin, A.S. Rao, SE-KWON KIM and M.V. Rao.2010. Pharmacological activities, phytochemical investigations and in vitro Studies of Gymnema sylvestre R.Br. – A Historical Review. In:Compendium of Bioactive Natural Products V. 1 – Potential & Challenges (Eds) Dr. Rajesh Khanna, Dr. S.P. Agarwal and Dr. R.K. Khar ISBN :1-933699-51-5,Pp :75-99.Studium Press LLC, New Delhi.

21. S. Revathi Lakshmi, J. H. Franklin Benjamin, T. Senthil Kumar, G. V. S. Murthy and M. V. Rao. 2010. In vitro propagation of Hoya wightii ssp. palniensis K.T. Mathew, a highly vulnerable and endemic species of Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. African J Biotechnology.9 (5):620-627.

22. Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed, A.S.Rao, M.V.Rao.2010. In vitro callus and in vivo leaf extract of Gymnema sylvestre stimulate ß-cells regeneration and anti-diabetic activity in Wistar rats. Phytomedicine 17: 1033-1039.

23. S. Revathi Lakshmi1, J. Herald Franklin Benjamin1, T. Senthil Kumar, G.V.Suryanarayana Murthy, Mandali Venkateshwara Rao. 2010. Efficient prhizogenesis of in vitro raised microshoots of Hoyawightii Hook. f. ssp. palniensis K.T. Mathew - a vulnerable species endemic to Western Ghats.J. Biosci. Res. 1(3):137-145.

24. Abdul Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed, Adhikarla Suryanarayana Rao, Mandali Venkateswara Rao and Rosna Mat Taha. 2010. Effect of Picloram, Additives and Plant Growth Regulators on Somatic Embryogenesis of Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. 54(1):7-13.

25. Bakrudeen.A.A.A, Subha Shanthi.G, Gouthaman.T, Kavitha.M.S. and Rao.M.V. 2011. In vitro propagation of Catharanthus roseus-An anticancer medicinal plant. Acta Botanica Hungarica 53(1-2):197-209.

26. Thirupura Sundari, Ahmed Sherif.N, Franklin Benzamin, J.H.and M.V.Rao. 2011. Rapid multiplication via axillary bud proliferation of Coccinia grandis (L.) Vogit. from nodal segments. Plant Tissue Cult. & Biotech.21 (1):75-82.

27. Kandasamy Palanivel, Thangarajan Gouthaman, Balasubramanian Vani, Balamuthu Kadalmani and Mandali Venkateswara Rao. 2011. Agrobacterium rhizogene guided anti-cancer potential of Rhinacanthus nasutus in Hep2 tumor cell line. J Pharmacy Research 4(5):1454-1458.

28. B. A. Ahmed, R. Pallela, A. S. Rao, M. V. Rao and R. Mat Taha.2011. Optimized conditions for callus induction, plant regeneration and alkaloids accumulation in stem and shoot tip explants of Phyla nodiflora. Spanish J Agricultural Research 2011 9(4), 1262-1270.

29. Senbagalakshmi,P, Herald Franklin Benjamin and Rao.M.V.2011.Seed storage evaluation and in vitro seed germination of Gymnema sylvestre J Trop Med Plants.12(2):189-193.

30. A.Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed,A.S.Rao and M.V.Rao and R.M.Taha.2012.Different wavelengths, light to induce physiological changes callus biosynthesis of gymnemic acid in Gymnema sylvestre. Agro Food Industry High Tech.23(3):31-34.

31. N.Ahmed Sherif, S.Parthibhan, M.Muthukumar, J.H.Franklin Benjaman, M.N.Abubacker, T.Senthil Kumar and M.V.Rao.2012. A preliminary report on the symbiotic seed germination of Acanthephippium bicolor Lindley- an endangered orchid.Int J Curr Sci.2:100-104.

32. N.Ahmed Sherif, J.H.Franklin Benjamin, S.Muthukrisnan, T.Senthil Kumar and M.V.Rao.2012.Regeneration of plantlets from nodal and shoot tip explants of Anoectochilus elatus Lindley, an endangered terrestrial orchid. African J Biotech.11(29):7549-7553.

Reviewer in Journals

1. African Journal of Agricultural Research

2. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research

3. International Research Journal of Biochemistry and Bioinformatics

4. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

5. African Journal of Biotechnology

Membership in Academic bodies

1. Member- National Team on "Survey and Documentation of Rock Art in Tamil Nadu funded by Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts", New Delhi (2008).

2. Indian Association of Biomedical Scientists.

3. Indian Botanical Society of India.

4. Indian Association for Angiosperm Taxonomy.

5. Orchid Society of India.

6. Swamy Botanical Club.

Member – Board of Studies and Examiner

1. Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, A.P.

2. SriVenkateswara University, Tirupati, A.P.

3. Andhra University, Waltair, A.P.

4. Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anathapur, A.P.

5. Osmania University, Hyderabad, A.P.

6. University of Kerala, Thiruvanthapuram, Kerala.

7. University of Calicut, Calicut, Kerala.

8. Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala.

9. Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, T.N.

10. Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, T.N.

11. University of Madras, Madras, T.N.

12. Manormanian Sundarnar University, Tirunelveli, T.N.

13. Periyar University, Salem, T.N.

14. Mother Teresa Women’s University, Kodaikanal, T.N.

15. Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, T.N.

16. Gauhati University, Gauhati, Assam.

Visits Abroad


Country visited


 Purpose of visit


Jerusalem, Israel

June 1998

To present a research paper in International conference


Chiang Mai, Thailand

Feb 2003

To present a research paper in International conference


Dr. M.V. Rao
Professor & Head
Department of Plant Science
School of Life Sciences
Bharathidasan University
Tiruchirappalli - 620 024
Phone: +91-431-2407061
Fax: +91-431-2407045/2412750